Dear student,
University of Mumbai is introducing Semester & Choice Based Credit System (S&CBCS) from the academic year 2011-12. The introduction of S&CBCS will change the examination and evaluation system and also change the teaching and learning methodology and process.  The focus under the CBCS is the “LEARNER” earlier referred to as student, what the learner wishes to learn, the pace at which the learner wishes to learn and removal of the concept of re-learning what the learner has already learnt. Before we go into the details of the scheme let us understand the meaning of the new terminologies used under the CBCS and its equivalent terms under the existing system.  

The Credit Based Semester System has undergone many changes since its implementation in 2011-2012. The idea behind preparing this brief note is to give some information to the students about the Credit based Semester System. This note does not override the circulars, rules and regulations prescribed by the University of Mumbai and in case of any discrepancy, the norms, rules and regulations as prescribed and implemented by the University of Mumbai from time to time will be applicable and final.

Program:
A Program is a set of courses that are linked together in an academically meaningful way and generally ends with the award of a Certificate or Diploma or Degree depending on the level of knowledge attained and the total duration of study.  Traditionally, B.A., B.Sc. and B.Com. are  referred as Degree’s and will now be referred to as PROGRAMS.

Course
The term “COURSE” under the Credit System corresponds to the word ‘SUBJECT’ used currently.  For instance, The subjects like Accountancy & Financial Management, Business Economics, Foundation Course, Commerce etc. included under the B. Com programme would now be called ‘Courses’

Module and Unit:
 A course which is generally an independent entity having its own separate identity, is also often referred to as a ‘Module’. A module may be studied in conjunction with other learning modules or studied independently. A topic within a course is treated as a Unit.

Credit Point:
Credit Point refers to the ‘Workload’ of a learner. It is an index of the number of learning hours deemed for learning of a certain segment. These learning hours broadly classified into hours spent on attending actual  lectures/tutorials/laboratory work/seminar etc and notional hours spent on reading, reflecting, discussing, attending counseling sessions, watching especially prepared videos, writing assignments, preparing for examinations, etc..

I credit point corresponds to 30 to 40 learning hours. A single course may be assigned between 2 to 8 credit points taking into account as to how many hours it would take for a learner to complete a single course successfully. The learner is said to have earned the credits on successful completion of the course including the evaluation.

Semester System: The program (Degree Course) of three years duration is divided into six terms of approx. 6 month duration called semester. Every semester will have number of courses (subjects/papers) that a learner will have to offer. Each course subject) will be assigned certain number of credits. Learner will be assessed continuously during the Semester and evaluated at the end of the semester. The results will be declared at the end of every semester. Credits will be earned by the learner on successful completion of the course.

Choice Base implies that the learner has the choice to select the Mr. Vrijendra that he/she would like to learn within the prescribed time period and the program parameters. Say for example a learner who wants to major in Accountancy wishes to study History may be permitted to do so under the Choice Based System. 

The learners are requested to note that the University of Mumbai is introducing the Choice Based Credit and Grading System in phases. The first phase which is implemented from the academic year 2011-2012 will be the implementation of Semester and Credit and Grading System only. The learner in the first phase will have to undertake the study of courses (subjects) as prescribed under the program and cannot select any course outside the program.   Choice base system is likely to be introduced in the Second phase of implementation. Students do not have the option of selecting the subject in this Ist phase of implementing the Credit & Grading System.
     
Credit completion and Credit accumulation:
Credit Completion or Credit Acquisition takes place after the learner has successfully cleared all the evaluation criteria with respect to a single course. Thus, a learner who successfully completes a 4 CP (Credit Point) course will be considered to have collected or acquired 4 credits. His level of performance above the minimum prescribed level (viz. grades / marks obtained) has no bearing on the number of credits collected or acquired i.e. if, for a given course which carries 4 credits and the passing marks are 35 out of 100, then whether a student scores 40 out of 100 or 90 out of 100, the credits earned by both the students are 4. A learner keeps on adding more and more credits as he completes successfully more and more courses. Thus the learner ‘accumulates’ course wise credits.

Credit Bank: 
The process of accumulating Credits over a period of time, leads to the idea of a ”Credit Bank”.  Credit Bank refers to stored and dynamically updated information regarding the number of Credits obtained by any learner along with details regarding the course/s for which Credit has been given, the course-level, nature, etc. In addition, all the information regarding the number of Credits transferred to different programs or credit exemptions given may also be stored with the individual’s history. In short, this would involve maintaining all the Credit–related transactions of an individual. Credit Banking, when practiced would facilitate learner mobility and credit transfers. 
 
CREDIT TRANSFER 
Performance transfer
When a learner successfully completes a certain academic program, he/she is allowed to transfer his/her past performance to another academic program having some common courses and Performance transferis said to have taken place.

 Course exemption
Occasionally, when two academic programs offered by a single university or by more than one university, may have some common or equivalent course-content, the learner who has already completed one of these academic programs is allowed to skip these ‘equivalent’ courses while registering for the new program. The Learner is exempted from relearning’ the common or equivalent content area and from re-appearing for the concerned examinations. It is thus taken for granted that the learner has already collected in the past the credits corresponding to the exempted courses.

Block Transfer:
Block transfer refers to a group of courses, such as a completed certificate or diploma program that are accepted for transfer of credit into a degree program.

Dimensions of Credit Transfer
When a learner successfully completes the courses included in an academic program at a certain level, he/she is allowed to transfer his/her credits in some of these courses to another same-level academic program having these courses in common. This is referred to as ‘Horizontal or Lateral Credit Transfer’.

‘Vertical Credit Transfer’, sometimes is also referred to as ‘Career Laddering’ is said to occur when a learner’s performance in some courses within a certain academic program at a particular level is carried over to a higher-level academic program having these or equivalent courses in common. Credit Transfer is conceived as operating along lateral (or horizontal) and vertical transfers.  

Types of Credit Transfer
Intra-Institutional Credit Transfer occurs/takes place when the process of credit transfer takes place within a university department or institution. 

Inter Institutional Credit Transfer: occurs/takes place when the credit transfer process operates across two or more institutions/universities.

Both inter/intra institutional/university credit transfer operate across levels – vertical or horizontal.  

DURATION OF THE UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAM (B.COM,./BAF/BBI/BFM/BMS) OFFERED UNDER FACULTY OF COMMERCE
Duration of the degree programmes under the Arts, Commerce & Science faculty will be of 3 years comprising SIX Semesters i.e. from Sem. I to Sem. VI, two semesters per year.

The degree will be awarded to a learner who successfully completes 120 credits of the programme in period of 3 to 6 years from the year of enrollment to semester I.       

If a learner does not earn 120 credits in 12 semesters from the year of enrolment to semester I, he/she may at his/her option transfer his/her performance in the existing/new program after establishing equivalence between old and new syllabus. Such a performance transfer will be decided by the Board of Studies / Ad-hoc Board / Ad hoc Committee of the concerned subject.  The admission to the program will be governed by the existing rules

SCHEME OF EXAMINATION
The performance of the learners will be evaluated in two Components. One component will be the Internal Assessment component carrying 25% marks and the second component will be the Semester-wise End Examination component carrying 75% marks.

INTERNAL ASSESSMENT:- It is defined as the assessment of the learners on the basis of continuous evaluation as envisaged in the credit based system by way of participation of learners in various academic and correlated activities in the given semester of  the programme.
SEMESTER END EXAMINATION:- It is defined as the examination of the learners on the basis of performance in the semester end theory / written examinations.

The assessment of Internal Assessment  and Semester End Examination as mentioned above for the Semesters I to IV shall be processed by the Colleges / Institutions of their learners and issue the grade cards to them after the conversion of marks into grades.

The assessment of Internal Assessment  as mentioned above for the Semesters V & VI shall be processed by the Colleges / Institutions of their learners admitted for the programme while the University shall conduct the assessment of Semester End Examination for Semesters V & VI.  The Internal Assessment marks of learners appearing for Semesters V & VI shall be submitted to the University by the respective colleges/ Institutions before the commencement of respective Semester End Examinations. The Semester End Examinations for Semesters V & VI shall be conducted by the University and the results shall be declared after processing the internal assessment and the marks awarded to the learners. The grade card shall be issued by the University after converting the marks into grades.

PASSING STANDARD AND PERFORMANCE GRADING:
PASSING STANDARD
The learners to pass a course shall have to obtain a minimum of 40% marks in aggregate for each course where the course consists of Internal Assessment & Semester End Examination. The learners shall obtain minimum of 40% marks (i.e. 10 out of 25) in the Internal Assessment and 40% marks in Semester End Examination (i.e. 30 Out of 75) separately, to pass the course and minimum of Grade E in each project, wherever applicable, to pass a particular semester. A learner will be said to have passed the course if the learner passes the Internal Assessment & Semester End Examination together.

PERFROMANCE GRADING:
The PERFORMANCE GRADING of the learners shall be on the SEVEN point ranking system as under:


Grade

Marks

Grade Points

O

70 & above

7

A

60 to 69.99

6

B

55 to 59.99

5

C

50 to 54.99

4

D

45 to 49.99

3

E

40 to 44.99

2

F (Fail)

39.99 & below

1

The performance grading shall be based on the aggregate performance of Internal Assessment and Semester End Examination.

CARRY FORWARDS OF MARKS IN CASE OF A LEARNER WHO FAILS IN THE INTERNAL ASSESSMENT AND/OR SEMESTER END ASSESSMENT IN ONE OR MORE COURSES:

  1. A learner who PASSES in the Internal Examination but FAILS in the Semester End Examination of the course shall reappear for the Semester End Examination of that course. However his/her marks of the Internal Examinations shall be carried over and he/she shall be entitled for grade obtained by him/her on passing.
  2. A learner who PASSES in the Semester End Examination but FAILS in the Internal Assessment of the course shall reappear for the Internal Examination of that course. However his/her marks of the Semester End Examination shall be carried over and he/she shall be entitled for grade obtained by him/her on passing.
  3. A) For Courses without practical:  In case of a learner who is reappearing for the Internal Examination, the examination  will consist of one project of 25 marks which will be divided into 13 marks for the documentation of the project, 6 marks for the presentation and 6 marks for the viva and  interaction.

      B) For Courses with practical:
In case of a learner who is reappearing for the Internal Examination for Practical/fieldwork, the examinations will consist of practical examination of 25 marks which will be divided into 13 marks for the laboratory work, 6 marks for the Viva Examination and 6 marks for the Journal.

NORMS FOR A.T.K.T. (ALLOWED TO KEEP TERMS):

  1. A learner shall be allowed to keep term for Semester II irrespective of number of courses of failure in the Semester I.
  2. A learner shall be allowed to keep term for Semester III if he/she passes each of Semester I and Semester II

                                                                        OR
A learner fails in not more than FOUR courses of Semester I and Semester II taken together with not more than TWO courses at each of Semester I & Semester II.

  1. A learner shall be allowed to keep term for Semester IV irrespective of number of courses of failure in Semester III.
  2. A learner being eligible for the admission to the Semester V must have either –

Shall have passed Semester I, Semester II, Semester III and Semester IV in full.   
OR
Shall have passed Semester I and Semester II examinations but secured ATKT in the Second year by failing in not more than  TWO courses each of Semester III and Semester IV.          
OR
Shall have secured ATKT in First Year by failing in not more than TWO courses in each of Semester I and Semester II and have passed Semester III and Semester IV in full.          

  1. A learner shall be allowed to keep term for Semester VI irrespective of number of courses of failure in the Semester V
  2.  The learner can appear for the semester VI examination (subject to 9d) & 9e) above) but the result of Semester VI shall be kept in abeyance until the learner passes each of Semester I, Semester II, Semester III, Semester IV and Semester V.

ADDITIONAL EXAMINATION:
CLASS TEST / PRACTICAL OF INTERNAL ASSESSMENT:
Eligibility norms to appear for the additional class test for learners who remained absent:

  1. If the learner is absent on medical ground or for any reason/emergency beyond the control of the learner, the learner must apply to the Head of the Institution giving the reason(s) for absence within 8 days of the conduct of the examination along with the necessary documents and testimonials.
  2. If the learner is absent for participation in Inter Collegiate events, State or National or International level events, Training camp or coaching camp organized by authorized university or state or national or international bodies, NSS / NCC Events / Camps / cultural activities / sports activities / research festival or any other activities authenticated by the head of the institution, the head of the Institution shall generally grant permission to the learner to appear for the additional class test or assignment. 
  3. The Head of the Institution, on scrutiny of the documents and testimonials, may grant the permission to the learner to appear for the additional examination.
  4. It is not the right of the leaner, who has failed or has remained absent, to appear for the additional examination without fulfilling the norms prescribed by the Head of the Institution / Department / Principal of the College.

 Internal Assessment for Courses with practical where the student is absent for the Practical Examination:

      1. A learner who is absent for the Practical Examination of the Internal Assessment will be awarded marks for the Journal (out of 5 marks) & Viva (out of 5 marks) component of the Internal Assessment. Thus he will be evaluated for 10 marks instead of 20 marks and will lose the 10 marks for the Laboratory work. However, his marks for the Practical Examination of Internal Assessment will be taken as out of 20 (without conversion i.e. if the learner gets 4/10 marks in for Journal & Viva , his/her marks for the Practical Examination will be taken as 4/20) and internal assessment will be calculated as out of 25 marks and not 20 marks.

       The Additional Class Test (or viva examination) or Assignment must be conducted 15 days prior to the commencement of the Semester End Examination after following the necessary procedure and completing the formalities.

PROCEDURE TO BE FOLLOWED BY THE STUDENT IF HE/SHE WISHES TO APPEAR FOR THE ADDITIONAL CLASS TEST OF INTERNAL ASSESSMENT:

  1. Students are required to note that appearance at the Additional Class Test / Assignment / Project is not a matter of right.
  2. A learner who remains absent for the class test will be allowed to appear for the additional class test provided the student applies to the Principal within 8 days of the conduct of the test in the prescribed format (available at the Information Counter of the College) specifying the reason for the absence duly supported by documentary evidence.
  3. STUDENTS WHO FAIL TO REGISTER WITHIN THE STIPULATED TIME PERIOD AND WITHIN THE SCHEDULE PRESCRIBED WILL NOT BE ALLOWED TO APPEAR FOR THE ADDITIONAL EXAMINATION OF INTERNAL ASSESSMENT. 
  4. The College authorities may permit the student to appear for the Additional Class Test / Assignment / Project based on the documentary evidence submitted and the genuineness of the claim.
  5. The learner can appear for the additional class test of Internal Assessment as per the time table / instructions displayed on the college notice board.

ADDITIONAL SEMESTER END EXAMINATION:
MODE OF CONDUCT OF SEMESTER END ADDITIONAL EXAMINATION:

      1. There will be one additional examination for semester I, II, III and IV for those who have failed or remained absent.
      2. The absent learner will be allowed to appear for the examination by the Head of the institution after following the necessary formalities subject to the reasons to the satisfaction of the head of the institution.
      3. The additional Semester End Examination shall be of two hours and thirty minutes duration and of 75 marks per course. The learner shall appear for the course/s of the Semester End Examination for which he/she was absent or has failed.
      4. Additional Examination for Semester I and Semester II be held after the conduct of Semester II Examination in March / April every year and Additional Examination for Semester II and Semester IV will be held after the conduct of Semester IV Examinations in March / April every year.  However additional examination for semester II and Semester IV be held after 20 days and before 40 days from the date of declaration of the result of the respective Semester End Examination.

ELIGIBILITY TO APPEAR FOR ADDITIONAL SEMESTER END EXAMINATION:
A learner who does not appear i.e. remains absent  in some or all the courses on  medical grounds or for representing the college / university in sports, cultural activities, activities of NSS, NCC  or sports training camps conducted by recognized bodies / competent authorities or for any other reason which is considered valid under exceptional circumstances and to the satisfaction of the Principal or the Head of the Institute OR fails in some or all the courses is eligible to appear for the additional examination.

A learner who remains absent with the prior permission of the Principal of the College / Head of the Institution may be permitted to appear for the Additional Semester End Examination

Learners who are punished under O.5050(12)(2) to O.5050(12)(12) are not eligible to appear for this additional examination. Learners who are punished under O.5050(12)(1), O.5050(12)(13 and  O.5050(12)(14) are  eligible to appear for this additional examination.  

Also a learner appearing for the repeat examination as ex-student may be permitted to appear for the additional Internal Assessment and Additional Semester End Examination conducted for the failed or the absent learner even if the learner does not register/appear at the regular examination conducted for such repeaters. Say for ex. A regular learner of F.Y.B.Com. program of 2011-2012 under the SBCGS has failed in two courses after appearing for the regular and additional examination held in academic year 2011-2012 is now eligible to appear for the examination of the failed courses at the regular examination conducted along with the regular student of F.Y.B.Com. for the academic year 2012-2013. For some reason, this learner does not register for this regular examination. As he has not registered for the regular examination, the learner is not eligible to appear for the additional examination. Thus losing a chance to appear for the examination and thereby losing a year. Thus to prevent the loss of academic year of such a student the student may be permitted to appear for the additional examination without registering for the regular examination.
It is not the right of the leaner, who has failed or has remained absent, to appear for the additional Semester End Examination without fulfilling the norms prescribed by the Head of the Institution / Department / Principal of the College.

 

PROCEDURE TO BE FOLLOWED BY THE STUDENT IF HE/SHE WISHES TO APPEAR FOR THE ADDITIONAL EXAMINATION OF SEMESTER END EXAMINATION:

  1. Students are required to note that appearance at the Additional Internal Assessment is not a matter of right.
  2. A student who is failed / absent for the Semester End Examination in one or more courses will have to register for appearing for the additional semester end examination in the format prescribed along with the fees applicable with 8 days of declaration of the result.
  3. STUDENTS WHO FAIL TO REGISTER WITHIN THE STIPULATED TIME PERIOD AND WITHIN THE SCHEDULE PRESCRIBED WILL NOT BE ALLOWED TO APPEAR FOR THE ADDITIONAL SEMESTER END EXAMINATION. 
  4. Students are required to note that appearance at the Additional Semester End Examination is not a matter of right. The College authorities may permit the student to appear for the Additional Semester End Examination based on the documentary evidence submitted and the genuineness of the claim.
  5. In case, if the request of the learner to appear for the additional semester end examination is not approved and not accepted, the examination fees paid by the learner will be refunded.

ADDITIONAL INTERNAL ASSESSMENT EXAMINATION:
MODE OF CONDUCT OF ADDITIONAL INTERNAL ASSESSMNET EXAMINATION:

  1. There will be one additional examination for semester I, II, III and IV for those who have failed or remained absent.
  2. The absent learner will be allowed to appear for the examination by the Head of the institution after following the necessary formalities subject to the reasons to the satisfaction of the head of the institution.
  3. For Courses without practical:  In case of a learner who is reappearing for the Internal Examination, the examination  will consist of one project of 25 marks which will be divided into 13 marks for the documentation of the project, 6 marks for the presentation and 6 marks for the viva and  interaction.

      For Courses with practical: In case of a learner who is reappearing for the Internal Examination for Practical/fieldwork, the examinations will consist of practical examination of 25 marks which will be divided into 13 marks for the laboratory work, 6 marks for the Viva Examination and 6 marks for the Journal.

PROCEDURE TO BE FOLLOWED BY THE STUDENT IF HE/SHE WISHES TO APPEAR FOR THE ADDITIONAL EXAMINATION OF INTERNAL ASSESSMENT:

  1. Students are required to note that appearance at the Additional Internal Assessment is not a matter of right.
  2. A student who is failed / absent for the Internal Assessment in one or more courses will have to register for appearing for the additional semester end examination in the format prescribed along with the fees applicable with 8 days of declaration of the result.
  3. STUDENTS WHO FAIL TO REGISTER WITHIN THE STIPULATED TIME PERIOD AND WITHIN THE SCHEDULE PRESCRIBED WILL NOT BE ALLOWED TO APPEAR FOR THE ADDITIONAL SEMESTER END EXAMINATION. 
  4. The College authorities may permit the student to appear for the Additional Internal Assessment Examination based on the documentary evidence submitted and the genuineness of the claim.
  5. In case, if the request of the learner to appear for the additional semester end examination is not approved and not accepted, the examination fees paid by the learner will be refunded.
  6. The learner can appear for the additional examination of Internal Assessment as per the time table / instructions displayed on the college notice board.

PROJECT EVALUATION (IF APPLICABLE)

      1. A learner who PASSES IN ALL THE COURSES BUT DOES NOT secures minimum grade of E in project as applicable has to resubmit a fresh project till he/she secures a minimum of grade E.
      2. The credits and grade points secured by him/her in the other courses will be carried forward and he/she shall be entitled for grade obtained by them on passing of all the courses.
      3. The evaluation of project and viva-voce examination shall be done by marks only and then it will be converted into grade in the seven point scale and award the same to the learner. 
      4. A learner shall have to obtain minimum of grade E (or its equivalent marks) in project evaluation and viva-voce taken together to obtain 40% marks in project work.

 

GRADE CUM MARKS CARDS:
The result gazette and the format of the Grade Cards for the semesters conducted by colleges on behalf of the University will be uniform for all the Colleges / Institutions as indicated in the manual for the faculty.

COURSE WISE, SEMESTER WISE CREDIT ALLOCATION:


Faculty

Sem I

Sem II

Sem III

Sem IV

Sem V

Sem VI

Total
Credits

Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com.)

20

20

17

17

23

23

120

 
COURSE WISE CREDIT ASSIGNMENTS: B.Com.  (F.Y , S.Y. & T.Y.)


Sem. I

Courses

Acct.-I

Comm. I

Eco. I

B.C. I

EVS I

Maths I

F.C.-I

Total

Credit

03

03

03

03

03

03

02

20

Sem. II

Courses

Acct-II

Comm. II

Eco.II

B.C. II

EVS II

Maths II

F.C.-II

Total

Credit

03

03

03

03

03

03

02

20

Sem. III

Courses

Acct.-III

Com. III

Eco. III

Law I

Adv/Comp. I

F.C. III

Total

Credit

03

03

03

03

03

02

17

Sem. IV

Courses

Acct.-IV

Com. IV

Eco. IV

Law II

Adv/Comp. II

F.C. IV

Total

Credit

03

03

03

03

03

02

17

Sem. V

Courses

Com. V

Eco. V

Acts / BM V

Acts / BM VI

Acts / BM VII

App. Comp. I

App. Comp. II

Total

Credit

03

03

04

04

03

03

03

21

Sem. VI

Courses

Com. VI

Eco. VI

Acts / BM VIII

Acts / BM IX

Acts / BM X

App. Comp. III

App. Comp. IV

Total

Credit

03

03

04

04

03

03

03

21

GRACING:The gracing shall be carried out as per existing ordinances of the University in force.

 

VERIFICATION AND REVALUATION: Shall be as per the existing ordinances and regulation & VCD of the University.

 

EX-STUDENT: Learner’s who are declared failed in one or more courses on account of failure at the Internal Assessment and/or Semester End Examinations or who have been allowed to keep terms for the higher class shall appear as ex-student for the Internal Assessment and/or the Semester End Examination in the failed course at the examinations held by their respective college. Examination for the ex-students will be held at least 15 days prior to the Semester End Examination of the next Semester as per the pattern of the course in the respective (failed) semester, Ex.  for a student who fails in the semester end examination in the subject of Foundation Course paper I in Semester I the examination for FC paper I of semester I shall be held at least 15 days prior to the conduct of the Semester End Examination for Semester II. The examinations for the ex-students shall be held in every semester.

 

 

Opinion Poll
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